Category: Essay

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    Essay: The Ecological Self by John Seed

    The Trumpeter ISSN: 0832-6193 Volume 22, Number 2 (2006) The Ecological Self John Seed In this article John explores some of the key issues in deep Ecology, his own experience as an activist and facilitator of the work. In the 1970s, when Jerry Brown was Governor of California, the eco-poet Gary Snyder was working in […]

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    Article: “What is Deep Ecology Philosophy” at

    Back in 2021, this helpful article about deep ecology was published on It in includes an overview of the history of the movement, as well as a concise summary of criticisms that Deep Ecology has attracted over the years. Deep ecology, a movement initiated by Norwegian philosopher Arne Næss in 1972, posits two main […]

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    Article: The Shallow and the Deep, long-Range Ecology Movement, A Summary, by Arne Naess

    The emergence of ecologists from their formerrelative obscurity marks a turning point in ourscientific communities. Their message, however,is twisted and misused. A shallow, but currentlyrather powerful movement, and a deep, but less influen-tial movement compete for our attention. I shall makean effort to characterize the two Arne Naess, Inquiry 16 See below for an embedded […]

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    Article: Self-Realization Beyond the Human: Arne Næss and Norwegian Deep Ecology

    As if this simplicity and inaccessibility were not enough, Næss built, with his own hands, a three-by-three-meter refuge some 200 meters higher up on the crags of the Hallingskarvet massif, which he dubbed “Skarveredet” (roughly meaning “a nest” in a mountain “notch”). By his own admission, this bivouac-like sanctuary gave him “‘the feeling[s] of being […]

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    by John Seed In the fourth World Rainforest Report, Queensland zoologist Peter Dwyer noted that the New Guinea highlanders find the rainforest wildlife not only good to eat, but also “good to think”. He goes on to say that “Whilst we don’t eat our rainforests, we do become enmeshed in our perceptions and thinking about […]

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    BY THEODORE ROSZAK In the post-Earth Summit era it is becoming clear that the environmental movement will have to find a new way forward if it is to achieve its ambitious agenda for change. The Earth Summit succeeded in clearly establishing one fact; We are all-literally all-in one planetary boat. The living standard of the […]

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    PAPER DELIVERED BY JOHN SEED TO THE ECOPSYCHOLOGY SYMPOSIUM AT THE AUSTRALIAN PSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIETY’S 28TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE, GOLD COAST, QUEENSLAND, AUSTRALIA, 2/10/94 I take “ecopsychology” to mean psychology in service to the Earth. ECO, PSYCHE, LOGOS: Knowing that the Earth is home to our soul. In spite of the modern delusion of alienation, of separation […]